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[Intermediate] Rigging a face in Spine 2D for 3D turn

Updated: Aug 8, 2023


Hello and welcome to this tutorial! We're excited to have you here as we guide you through the process of rigging a face using 2 bones and one Transform Constraint that allows the second bone to move in the opposite direction. While this method may take a bit longer, it will produce better results in the end. However, if you're short on time, you can check the tutorial for Simple Rigging instead. Either way, we're confident that you'll come away from this tutorial with valuable knowledge and skills to enhance your animation projects!

Pros

Cons

Very Popular: There are a lot of tutorials are available

Still doesn't rotate the head in 3D, just moves the face and back of the head opposite directions

Still easy to do: 1-2 Hour

Requires more detailed mesh and more Vertex Transforms


Create a bone/container for each head features

Example of head features are: Eyes, Mouth, Ponytail, Ears.

My suggestion is to not complicate things and bind eye or mouth vertices one by one. Instead put mouth or eyes inside bone container and move the bone instead using transform constraint setting face controller as a target. Believe me, most of the time if you bind the face mesh nicely just moving head features is enough, no need to also bind their vertices separately.


Create controller bone with reverse constraint

  • Create two bones inside the head bone one on the tip of the nose the other in the center of the back side of the head

  • Change the icons

  • Give them some colors


  • Create transform reverse constraint for back side bone


Create constraints for each facial feature that should be affected by controller

Instead of binding meshes of the head features we will move their container bones using transform constraints. That means you need to create one for them. Just hit match for now dont set any value, we will do it in animation mode


Animate simple left right motion to bind the meshes in test

Better if we bind the meshes in animate mode while checking the results realtime.

  • In animate mode, key the transform value of controller bone on the left side at 0 frame

  • Move the playhead at 10 frame and key the transform value of the controller bone on the right side

  • And finally copy 0 frame to 20 frame to make a seamless loop


Bind the meshes and test

Just bind those vertices :)

Set values for transform constraints

This is where we set values for constraints of the head features. Note that a key is being created. So make sure to set values at the 0 frame


Transfer the constraints values from animate mode to setup pose

At this stage you should already have fully functioning head 3D, however since we set constraints value in animate mode in setup pose controller will look broken. Make sure to transfer the constraints values to setup pose by just copying them

Tips

  • You can not only move the controller but also scale it to add an extra depth.

  • While moving face make sure to move pupils first to achieve natural motion. People tend to look before turning their head.




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